3. stop

Walking between the one-storey buildings on the Corvin Boulevard you can reach Ottmár Győri Square, which received this name only a few years ago. Who was Ottmár Győri?  You can find out in the chapter on the creation of the Wekerle Estate

The building of the industrial school was planned to be carried out here, but because of World War I, the construction plans were abandoned. Today, the centennial tree (red maple) planted by volunteers commemorates the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the estate. The basalt cobblestone streets surrounding the area – at the same time commemorating Ottmár Győri–are specific to the street network of the estate. Since the centenary, the tulip motifs on the street furniture are also a symbol of the Wekerle Estate.

ALTERNATIVE ROUTE (marked on the map with dashed lines): The point where the construction of the estate commenced can be visited from here: the former Sárkány Street – renamed today to Endre Ady Street – as well as the corner of Határ Street. At the time, Határ Street marked the real borders of the capital city. The monument standing on the corner commemorates the heroes of Kispest fighting in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Travellers arriving from the city are greeted by the bas-relief created by Viktor Tihanyi on the wall of the house on the corner of Endre Ady Street and Álmos Street.

In November 1909, the first tenants moved into 35 of the single-storey houses and at the end of the year the construction of 148 buildings was finalised. The apartment blocks built for workers were finalised in 1910.

Start of construction

Two of the first buildings were in Szabolcs Street, known today as Kábel Street. The offices of the construction management were in the houses at the number 1 and 8. The sand-lime brick factory was not operating at the time, thus, these houses were built using aero-lit bricks. Before the start of the construction works, a 9 km long railway siding was built, which connected the area with a warehouse in Ferencváros. The landscaping works carried out at the same time with the construction works, must have been a labour-intensive work. Out of the 3–4000 workers almost two-thirds carried out excavation works and diggings. Several paintings and drawings of Balogh János Nagy (1874–1919), a Kispest painter, depicts these workers. This phase of his work comprises around 40 works and is known as the construction labourer cycle. In the background of a few works the construction process of some of the houses is also illustrated.

In 1956, the last battle of Budapest Kispest revolutionaries fought on November 20 at the corner of Wekerle, which is now the Europark. Many people died, their memories are preserved in the headboard Boundary Road – Pannonia road – Ady Endre crossroads.

Another 56 memorial today Kós Károly Primary School. In 1956, the colony fighting for a National Guard unit in the school’s gym has organized his post, which organized resistance. Their memorial plaque on the school wall.